The Organic Farmer is an alternative agricultural system that uses ecologically based pest controls early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. The Organic Farmer system in India is not new and is being followed from ancient time.
There are four Principles of organic farming Principle of health, he principle of ecological balance, Principle of fairness and Principle of care.
This demand has rapidly increase in organically managed farmland that grew from 2001 to 2011 at a compounding rate of 8.9% per annul.
Since 1990 the organic farming business for organic food farming and other products has increased rapidly, reaching $63 billion worldwide in 2012.This demand has rapidly increase in organically managed farmland that grew from 2001 to 2011 at a compounding rate of 8.9% per annul.
Since 1990 the organic farming business for organic food farming and other products has increased rapidly, reaching $63 billion worldwide in 2012.
About Organic Farming
In year of 2018, approximately 71,500,000 hectares (177,000,000 acres) worldwide were farmed organically, representing approximately 1.5 percent of total world farmland.
Organic farming may be adopted, to.
- Increase genetic diversity.
- Promote more source usage of natural pesticides.
- Make sure the right soil cultivation at the right time.
- keep and build good soil structure and fertility.
- control pests, diseases and weeds.
Organic farming business accounts for 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia. As per the definition of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) study team define what is organic farming answer is “organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection”.
Organic Agriculture In India
In India, in year of 2016, the northern state of Sikkim achieved its goal of converting to 100% organic farming. Other states of India, including Kerala, Gujarat Mizoram, Goa, Rajasthan, and Meghalaya, have also declared their intentions to shift to fully the organic farmer.
The South Indian state Andhra Pradesh is also state of the organic farmer, especially Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) which is a form of regenerative agriculture.
Types Of Organic Farming
Pure organic farming involves the use of organic manures and bio pesticides with complete avoidance of inorganic chemicals and pesticides.
Integrated organic farming involves integrated nutrients management and integrated pest management. It is the best and popular type of farming where you grow crops from natural resources.
In organic farming, we use the following techniques
- CROP ROTATION
- GREEN MANURE
- BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTRO
Methods Of Organic Farming
1. Soil management
After cultivation of crops, the soil loses its nutrients and its quality deplete. organic farming business initiates the use of natural ways to increase the fertility of the soil.
2. Weed management
Weed is the unwanted plant that grows in agricultural farming. The organic farmer focuses on lowering weed and not removing it completely. The two most widely used weed management techniques are Mulching and Mowing or Cutting.
3. Crop diversity
Crop diversity is the practice used in the organic farmer fields where we harvest and cultivate only one type of crop in a particular place.
Importance Of Organic Farming
- Agriculture organic farming grow environment benefits because natural habitat sources are less threatened.
- the organic farmer provides healthy food for people.
- The soil is in better condition because of the manure used.
There are many advantages of organic farming like Organic farming helps to prevent environmental degradation and can be used to regenerate degraded areas and They cut the need for purchased inputs. the organic farmer cut the need for purchased inputs.
Similar there are few disadvantage of organic farmers like Production costs are very high and costly compare to other non organic because farmers need more workers. Food illness may happen more often.organic food farming is more expensive because farmers do not get much out of their land as conventional farmers do.